sunset to moonset: 25°, measured
See the article Timed Events
Moon position 11
the moon became visible behind Aries
If by behind they mean sets afterwards (Like in Month III) then the year 588 BC is a match
The position of the Moon in 588 BC is where "behind" usually means
The position of the Moon in 568 BC is where "in front of" meant in Moon position 8
|ŠE||Addaru: Adar, the twelfth month
|DIŠ||Constantly, always, one, sixty,
|šalāšā: thirty, 30
|EGIR||warkatu: backside, rear
warkānu: later, afterwards
kakkabu: a star
Could be a code-name or alias for Mars - P. Felix Gössman; Planetarium Babylonicum (1950) pg 91
|IGI||naṭālu: (to be able) to see , to look at, to gaze ; to observe (the sky); to be visible;
ina maḫar: before (someone), in the presence, in front of - The Assyrian Dictionary, Volume 10, M, Part I, (1977) pg 106
|NA||do, sky, be, heaven, man, not, lie,|
|when, that, day, at that time, the sun, white, clear, now.
KUR4 = ba'lu which means either ba'ālu: to be abnormally large, to become bright or shine brightly;
or ba'ūlu: great, important; - The Assyrian Dictionary, Volume 2, B (1965) pg 1, 184
|I.NU.SU2||translated as: At that time|
|Sky, Heaven, Mars
Deity, Determinative for a deity
|SAG.ME.GAR||Usual name for Jupiter - used in 588 BC to conceal the identity of Mars.|
A. The moon observations.
14. On the 1 of Adar, while the sun was still there, the moon became visible behind Aries, 1h 40m was its period of visibility after sunset (Rs. 12).
New moon March 12, 10h at night. The 1. Adar begins March 14 evening. The moon was wide enough (age c. 44h), at the steep position of the ecliptic at this time to be recognized in the sunshine.
March 14, 6h evening:
- Moon λ= 10°.4 ß = -4°.4
- a Arietis λ = 2°.0 ß = +9°.9
☉ U 6h.07, ☾ U 7h.80; time between sunset and moonset 1h 44m.
Zu kakkabKU-MAL = Aries see Epping, Astrononisches aus Babylon, p. 119; KUGLER, Sternkunde, p. 260.
TRANSLATION FROM: Paul V. Neugebauer und Ernst F. Weidner (1915) Ein astronomischer Beobachtungstext aus dem 37. Jahre Nebukadnezars II (- 567/66).
- BC567-03-14 18h00m00s ( +03 )
- Moon: L: +09°21'36" (+09.36°) B:-04°34'15" (-04.57°)
- a Arietis: L: +01°58'39" (+01.97°) B:+09°54'27" (+09.90°)
- ΔT 18194.5s ( 05h03m14.5s )
- New moon: -566 Mar 12 19:58 (UT); -566 Mar 12 22:58 (+3) (astropixels.com )
- Sunset: -566 Mar 14 18:06 ( +3 )
- Moonset: -566 Mar 14 19:50 (+3)
- Sunset to moonset = 1h 44m
- Age of moon @ sunset: 43h 8m