Rear - Line 19

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Hand drawing below by Ernst F. Weidner (1952)


UGUMEDULPAU.UDIŠŠU2AKALDUINU.UBADUGU4DIŠDURŠA2NAMMAHKU4MEU.U.UTA


Transliteration:

UGU.ME DUL-ḫat 21 ŠU2 ILLU DU in 20 dil-bat u GU4 ana DUR ša2 SIM.MAḪ KU4.MEŠ TA [... SAG.ME.GAR]

Translation - by P.V. Neugebauer and E. F. Weidner (1915) edited by Hermann Hunger (1988)

...., ...., The 21st, overcast; the river level rose. Around the 20th, Venus and Mercury entered the "band" of the Swallow. From [ .... Jupiter, ]

Note

Around the 20th, Venus and Mercury entered the "band" of the Swallow

In 568 BC these observations would have to be made in the morning. Whilst Venus could be seen, Mercury and the other stars would be lost to the twiglight sky.

By the 20th Mercury's magnitude was +0.4

Note B

SymbolSyllablesMeanings
U.KA
UGU
MUH
U.KA
UGU
MUH
ME
ME6
100, be, being, silence, stiffness, battle, refine; daytime as opposed to night
Where
DUL.PA
DUL.hat
some kind of weather associated with rain.
21 twenty-one
ŠU2 to set (heavenly body)
the west
to cover
A.KAL
ILLU
Water
DU
DE6
GUB
TUM6
go
bring
stand, sheep
IN translated as: around
niš
MAN
šamaš2
twenty
Mars
Sun
DILI.BAD
DILI.BAT
nebû: shining, bright, flaring; denoting the brightest star of a constellation - The Assyrian Dictionary, Volume 11, N Part II (1980) pg 148
venus
U.GU4
UL

UL: Shooting star; - P. Felix Gössman; Planetarium Babylonicum (1950) pg 62-63
DIŠ Constantly, always, one, sixty,
if
GU2.KAK
DUR
Totality
band
ĝar
niĝ2
ša2
Place
Thing
of
SIM.MAH identified as:
Capricornus E
Aquarius W
Andromeda
β η ξ Cetus
ε ζ ξ Pegasus & α Aquarius
Northern fish
Southern fish
Alias or code-name for Mars
- P. Felix Gössman; Planetarium Babylonicum (1950) pg 213-214
KU4 erēbu; enter, go in
erēbu = to set - The Assyrian Dictionary Vol 4 E (1958), pg 269
MEŠ Many, numerous
TA issu: from , out of , since , after
what
ṭehû. approach, come near to; - The Assyrian Dictionary. Volume 19, Ṭ (2006) pg 71
ištu: from (a point in space or time), out of (a place, an object, a quantity), since, after, by; - The Assyrian Dictionary. Volume 7, I & J (2004) pg 286

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