Front - Line 13

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Hand drawing below by Ernst F. Weidner (1952)


GU4UDPAIBANHIHALUDDIBSAGMEŠA2ESU4BADŠU2DIŠTARZAGIŠKUNUR


Transliteration:

GU4.UD šap AN šer-tam DIB SAG.ME.GAR e SI4 dil-bat ina ŠU2 ana tar-ṣa GIŠ.KUN UR.[A...]

Translation - by P.V. Neugebauer and E. F. Weidner (1915) edited by Hermann Hunger (1988)

Mercury passed below Mars to the East? ; Jupiter was above α Scorpii; Venus was in the west opposite ϑ Leonis [...]

Note A

"Mars to the East?; Jupiter"

NOTE: The only time šer-tam is given the meaning "East" is on VAT4956. Every other time it is used in diaries it is translated "morning"
AN Determinative, God, Deity, Sky, Heavens, Rain, Mars
ina SUR3 Mišlu: Half, midpoint(midday, midnight) Centre, middle. - The Assyrian Dictionary, Volume 10, M Part II (1977) pg 127-8
UD when, that, day, at that time, the sun, white, clear, now.
DIB etāqu: to go past , to pass by , to go through , to cross over ; to proceed along , to advance , to go ahead , to move on / onward , to continue , to proceed further ;
etēqu: to pass, go along, go past ; to go through, cross over
SAG.ME.GAR Symbols usually associated with Jupiter
E above
SU4 photograph of the SI4 symbol on VAT4956comparison with SI4 symbol

Photo credit: Olaf M. Teßmer, Vorderasiatisches Museum

This symbols is slightly different to the SI4 symbol that is used to signify α Scorpii.

AŠ BAD nebû: shining, bright, flaring; denoting the brightest star of a constellation - The Assyrian Dictionary, Volume 11, N Part II (1980) pg 148

The translation separates AN from SAG.ME.GAR to refer to Mars and Jupiter there is no symbol that can be used as a conjunction (i.e u: and) to allow for this. This could refer to just one planet in the same way that "the rear foot of the lion" includes descriptive symbols in the middle of its name on front line 14. See image below:

Note C

SymbolSyllablesMeanings
GU4.UD Mercury
PA.IB
šap
šapal: under, beneath, underneath
qablu: hips, middle.
šapālu: to be low, deep ; to reach the lowest point; to stay constantly low; - The Assyrian Dictionary, Š Volume 17, Part I (1989) pg 422-423
AN
DINGIR
ILU
Sky, Heaven, Mars
Deity, Determinative for a deity
God
AS.HI.HAL
ina SUR3
Mišlu: Half, midpoint(midday, midnight) Centre, middle. - The Assyrian Dictionary, Volume 10, M Part II (1977) pg 127-9
UD
šamaš
U4
when, that, day, at that time, the sun, white, clear, now.
Sun
DIB
UDU
LU
TIP
etāqu: to go past , to pass by , to go through , to cross over ; to proceed along , to advance , to go ahead , to move on / onward , to continue , to proceed further ;
etēqu: to pass, go along, go past ; to go through, cross over
immeru: sheep;
SAG.ME.GAR Usual name for Jupiter - used in 588 BC to conceal the identity of Mars.
E above
SU4
SI4
red
α Scorpii.
DILI.BAD
DILI.BAT
nebû: shining, bright, flaring; denoting the brightest star of a constellation - The Assyrian Dictionary, Volume 11, N Part II (1980) pg 148
venus
AŠ.SU2
ina SU2
in the west
DIŠ Constantly, always, one, sixty,
if
TAR.ZA tarṣu: before, opposite, toward, at the time of; facing; - The Assyrian Dictionary, Volume 18, T (2006) pg 242
GIŠ.KUN zibbatu: tail, rear part - The Assyrian Dictionary, Volume 21, Z (1961) pg 100
rapaštu: loin, thigh, haunch - The Assyrian Dictionary, Volume 14, R (1999) pg 152
UR kalbu: a dog; constellation of Hercules
UR.A = nēšu: Lion

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